- 5 tablespoons sugar
- 3 tablespoons water
- 1/3 cup fish sauce
- 1/2 cup lime or lemon juice
- 1 large clove garlic, minced
- 1 or more bird's eye or Thai chiles, seeded and minced
- 1 shallot, peeled, thinly sliced, and rinsed (optional)
Whisk together the sugar, water, fish sauce, and lime juice in a bowl until the sugar is completely dissolved. Add the garlic, chile, and shallot, and let stand for 30 minutes before serving.