Place the Romaine leaves in a large bowl. Add the croutons and Queso Anejo, then drizzle with dressing. Toss lightly to combine. Serve on salad plates topped with anchovies.
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Place the bread cubes in a bowl and toss with the olive oil until well coated. Sprinkle in chile powder, salt and pepper and toss again. Place on a baking sheet and bake until lightly browned, about 7 minutes.
Place all the ingredients, except the olive oil and vinegar, in a blender or food processor. Process until coarsely blended. Transfer to a medium bowl. Slowly whisk in the oil, then the vinegar. Add a little water if the dressing is too thick.