Sugar High's Dufftionary: Ace Every Episode's Lingo

Check your Sugar High Q with Duff Goldman's Dufftionary, a six-page dictionary of terms you'll hear about in each episode.

Page 2 of 6

EPISODE 2: Dallas Desserts — Down-Home And Made From Scratch

  • What is gelatin? A translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless solid substance, derived from the collagen inside animals' skin and bones. In its most basic form, commercially processed edible gelatin is a tasteless beige or pale yellow powder or granules. In the processed food industry, it is used a thickener, a gelling agent, a stabilizer and an emulsifier.

  • What is "blooming" gelatin? Blooming gelatin is a step integral to ensuring the smooth texture of a finished product. It involves sprinkling the powdered gelatin into a cold liquid and letting it sit for three to five minutes. Then, when the mixture is heated, the gelatin will dissolve smoothly.

  • Graham cracker — What makes a graham cracker a graham cracker? The true graham cracker can be made with graham flour, a type of coarse wheat flour that is high in fiber. Graham crackers are often used for making s'mores and pie crusts.

  • Marshmallow — Traditional marshmallow was made with a combination of marshmallow root, corn syrup, sugar and flavorings. Today, since marshmallow root is more difficult to find, marshmallows are more typically made with gelatin instead of marshmallow root.

  • Marshmallow vs. meringue — Gelatin and egg whites, even though some marshmallow recipes call for the use of egg whites.

  • Peppermint vs. spearmint — Peppermint is a natural hybrid of spearmint and water mint.

  • Whoopee pie — The whoopie pie is an American baked good that may be considered a cookie, pie or cake. It is made of two round mound-shaped pieces of chocolate cake, or sometimes pumpkin or gingerbread cake, with a sweet, creamy filling or frosting sandwiched between them. The Amish of Lancaster County, Pa., are usually credited with the invention of the whoopie pie, but it is not exactly known where whoopie pies originated. One version of the story says Amish women baked the pies for their husbands, who, upon opening their lunchboxes and seeing the tasty treat, exclaimed, "Whoopie!" Another version of this story says the children cried out for joy when they found whoopie pies for lunch.