croissant

Pronunciation: [kwah-SAH<em>N</em>; KWAH-saw<em>n</em>; kruh-SAHNT]

The origin of this flaky, buttery-rich yeast roll dates back to 1686, when Austria was at war with Turkey. In the dead of night a group of bakers, hearing Turks tunneling under their kitchens, spread the alarm that subsequently led to the Turkish defeat. In turn, the vigilant bakers were awarded the privilege of creating a commemorative pastry in the shape of the crescent on the Turkish flag. Croissant is the French word for "crescent." Originally, the croissant was made from a rich bread dough. It wasn't until the early 1900s that a creative French baker had the inspiration to make it with a dough similar to puff pastry . . . and so a classic was born. Croissants can be made with buttered layers of yeast dough or puff pastry. They're sometimes stuffed (such as with a stick of chocolate or cheese) before being rolled into a crescent shape and baked. Croissants are generally thought of as breakfast pastries but can also be used for sandwiches and meal accompaniments.

From The Food Lover's Companion, Fourth edition by Sharon Tyler Herbst and Ron Herbst. Copyright © 2007, 2001, 1995, 1990 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc.

Keep Reading

Next Up

Make Your Own Croissants

Try these buttery bite-sized treats at your next get-together. They're full of flavor but have just 59 calories per croissant.

Croissant Corsages Are the Latest Prom Craze

You have to love this season’s latest craze: prom croissants.

Sonic Dresses Up the Hot Dog by Putting It in a Flaky Croissant

To mark National Hot Dog Month and hop on the croissant-hybrid food bandwagon, Sonic is introducing its new Croissant Dog.

Butter Shortage Has Put a Crimp in France’s Croissant Supply

Supply hasn’t kept up with increased global butter demand, driving up prices.