How to Make Buttermilk
Here, two different step-by-step methods.
By Fraya Berg for Food Network Kitchen
Fraya is a chef and a contributing writer at Food Network.
Buttermilk is a versatile ingredient in the kitchen, adding tang to everything from salad dressing to home-baked bread to fried chicken. Making your own is surprisingly easy - there are two different methods. What you have on hand and when you need your buttermilk will determine which method you use, but both yield results that you can use 1:1 in any recipe that calls for buttermilk. To learn more about buttermilk and why it's important in cooking and baking, check out our What Is Buttermilk? article.
The 10-Minute Way to Make Buttermilk
When to use this method: When you need buttermilk immediately.
What you'll need: Whole or 2-percent milk and fresh lemon juice or white distilled vinegar.
Why it works: Buttermilk brings its tangy flavor and acidic makeup to recipes, important in baking when you're using baking soda as a leavener, which needs acid to activate it. Here, you're creating an acidic dairy mixture. Although it's not cultured, it'll work like buttermilk in recipes.
1. Use milk: Pour 1 cup of whole or 2% milk into a liquid measuring cup. For vegan buttermilk, you can use a vegan milk of your choice with perfect results.
2. Add an acid: For every 1 cup of milk, stir in 1 tablespoon lemon juice or vinegar. Let the mixture stand for 10 minutes. You can scale the recipe up or down depending on how much you need.
3. Ready to use: The acid will curdle the milk slightly. It should look like this.
How to Make Cultured Buttermilk
When to use this method: You have time (a full day), you want to create full-flavored buttermilk that tastes like that you buy from the store for much less money.
What you'll need: 1/2 cup of the cultured buttermilk and 1 quart whole milk, 2% milk or 1% milk.
Why it works: The culturing method is how buttermilk is made commercially, so it’s the method that’s going to give you the most natural flavor, consistency and the lactic acid that is the byproduct of the bacteria turning the milk into buttermilk.
1. Start with cultured buttermilk: Pour 1/2 cup of the cultured buttermilk into the bottom of a lidded container that'll hold 6 cups. (A standard Mason jar will do, or use any non-reactive container with a lid.)
2. Stir to combine: Pour in 1 quart of milk. Stir to combine the milk and buttermilk thoroughly.
3. Leave at room temperature: Place the lid on your container. Leave it out on the counter at ambient room temperature.
4. Wait 12 to 24 hours: After 12 to 24 hours, the mixture will thicken. The longer you leave it out, the thicker and tangier the buttermilk will be. Depending on how warm your kitchen is, it may also take longer. Once the buttermilk has reached the texture and flavor you desire, store it in the refrigerator for up to a month. When you are down about half a cup, you may repeat the process by adding your homemade buttermilk to fresh milk.
Knowing how to make buttermilk is a great kitchen technique to keep in your back pocket. But sometimes, you may not have what you need to make buttermilk. In these cases, check out our article on Buttermilk Substitutes, which walks you through what to use in pancakes and baked goods, dips and dressings and marinades and brines instead of buttermilk.
Recipes that Use Buttermilk
The acid in buttermilk is what makes it a fantastic brine for meat. Here, it tenderizes the chicken and adds flavor.
Buttermilk adds tangy flavor and helps leaven these light-as-air breakfast treats.
The 1/4 cup fresh herbs that go into this tangy buttermilk dressing are up to you, so you can switch them up depending on the salad. We love tarragon and parsley when the salad is on the plate with chicken.
These flaky stacks get their quintissential flavor from, you guessed it, buttermilk. They’re so good with butter or honey…or both.
The moisture in buttermilk helps seasoned flour fully coat each cube steak, and works double duty to break down this slightly tougher cut.