Heat 1 tablespoon vegetable oil in a medium nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Season the steak all over with salt and pepper; cook about 3 minutes per side for medium rare. Transfer to a cutting board and let rest. Reserve the skillet.
Put the noodles in a bowl; cover with warm water and soak 5 minutes. Meanwhile, heat 1 tablespoon vegetable oil in a large Dutch oven or pot over medium-high heat. Add the ginger, chopped jalapeno, scallion whites, 1 teaspoon salt and a few grinds of pepper. Cook, stirring, until softened, about 2 minutes. Add the chicken broth and 3 cups water; bring to a boil. Reduce the heat to medium low; simmer 10 minutes.
Meanwhile, wipe out the reserved skillet; heat the remaining 2 tablespoons vegetable oil over medium-high heat. Drain the noodles, pat dry and toss with 1/4 teaspoon salt. Add to the skillet to form a pancake; cook, undisturbed, until slightly golden, 5 minutes. Flip; cook until crisp, 3 more minutes. Transfer to a cutting board; cut into 4 wedges. Slice the steak against the grain.
Add the snow peas, carrots and half of the cilantro to the soup; simmer until tender, 3 minutes. Divide the soup, steak and fried noodles among bowls. Top with the scallion greens, sliced jalapeno, fried shallots and the remaining cilantro.
Photographs by Charles Masters
Courtesy of Food Network Magazine