Pronunciation: [AHL-gow-er BEHRK-kai-zer (-kah-zeh)]
Hard cow's-milk cheese from the Allgäu, an area that straddles the southern German states of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, bordering on Austria. Bergkäse means "mountain cheese" and refers to the Bavarian Alps that dominate this area. Allgäuer Bergkäse comes in large (up to 100-pound) wheels with yellow to brown rinds and pale yellow interiors containing a few small eyes. The flavor ranges from mellow with fruity and nutty traits for younger versions to more complex, pungent flavors for aged cheeses.
From The Food Lover's Companion, Fourth edition by Sharon Tyler Herbst and Ron Herbst. Copyright © 2007, 2001, 1995, 1990 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc.