- 5 tablespoons sugar
- 3 tablespoons water
- 1/3 cup fish sauce
- 1/2 cup lime or lemon juice (about 3 limes or 2 lemons)
- 1 large clove garlic, crushed, peeled and sliced or minced
- 1 or more bird's eye or Thai chilies, seeded, and sliced or minced
- 1 shallot, peeled, thinly sliced, rinsed and drained (optional)
Whisk together the sugar, water, fish sauce and lime or lemon juice in a bowl until the sugar is completely dissolved. Add the garlic, chili and shallot (if using), and let stand for 30 minutes before serving.