My mom always cooked this dish in a heavy cast-iron skillet and every time she heated the pan, it had a fragrance of pure food history. In this recipe, take care to grind the almonds fine enough so they adhere as a crust.
To make the pork chops: In a food processor, pulse the almonds into crumbs. Mix the breadcrumbs and almonds in a shallow dish and stir in the orange zest. Season the mixture and the pork chops with salt and pepper. In another dish, mix the mustard and eggs together. Brush the chops with the mustard mixture and dredge all over in the crumbs.
Heat a large ovenproof skillet over medium heat and add about 1/2 inch of the oil. When the oil is hot, brown the chops on both sides, about 3 to 4 minutes per side. Remove them to a baking sheet fitted with a wire rack and cook in the oven until they reach an internal temperature of 145 degrees F.
To make the apples: Pour the fat out of the skillet, then wipe the skillet and set over medium heat. Melt the butter. Add the shallots, apples and rosemary, and toss until the apples begin to brown, about 3 minutes. Add the sugar, orange juice, stock, and some salt and pepper, and bring to a simmer. Cook just until the sauce comes together, about 15 minutes. Remove the pork chops from the oven and serve with the apples.