Two hours before roasting, remove the meat from the refrigerator and allow it to come to room temperature.
Place the oven rack on the second lowest position and preheat the oven to 500 degrees F.
Place the roast in a pan large enough to hold it comfortably, bone-side down. Brush the top with the mustard and sprinkle with 1 tablespoon salt and 1 1/2 teaspoons pepper.
Roast the meat for 45 minutes. Without removing the meat from the oven, reduce the oven temperature to 325 degrees F and roast for another 30 minutes. Finally, increase the temperature to 450 degrees F and roast for another 15 to 30 minutes, until the internal temperature of the meat is 125 degrees F. (Be sure the thermometer is exactly in the center of the roast.) The total cooking time will be between 1 1/2 and 1 3/4 hours.
Remove the roast from the oven and transfer to a cutting board. Cover it tightly with aluminum foil and allow the meat to rest for 20 minutes. Carve and serve.