Snacking on edamame during the Mid-Autumn Festival is a Southern Chinese tradition. Though typically boiled, these two variations are a bit of a departure. One calls for the edamame to be skillet-roasted for a slightly more intense flavor and then finished with a quick toss in a sweet sauce of garlic and soy. The second is a sheet-pan roast of shelled edamame flavored with Parmesan and smoked paprika. The pair are a delicious showcase for edamame's versatility.
For the garlic-soy roasted edamame: In a small bowl, whisk together the soy sauce, brown sugar, garlic, pepper and 1 tablespoon water until the sugar dissolves. Set aside.
Place a large cast-iron skillet over medium heat. Add the edamame and cook, tossing occasionally, until charred in spots, about 10 minutes. Turn the heat off and immediately add the soy sauce mixture. Simmer until fragrant, 30 to 45 seconds. Immediately transfer to a serving dish; serve warm.
For the Parmesan roasted edamame: Place a rack in the center of the oven and preheat the oven to 375 degrees F. Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper and set aside.
Combine the edamame, olive oil, Parmesan, paprika, salt and pepper in a medium bowl and toss to combine. Spread the edamame in an even layer over the prepared baking sheet and bake on the center rack until they begin to brown, 12 to 15 minutes. Transfer to a serving dish and serve warm.