Macarons vs. Macaroons: What's the Difference?

Plus, how to pronounce each name.

November 08, 2021
874106538

874106538

Different types of macaroons or macarons in a box.

Photo by: beats3/Getty Images

beats3/Getty Images

By Fraya Berg for Food Network Kitchen

Fraya is a chef and a contributing writer at Food Network.

Macarons and macaroons have similar-sounding names, yet the two cookies look and taste quite different from one another. Moreover, they're steeped in different cultural traditions. Read on to learn about the differences.

Macarons vs. Macaroons

If you compare a macaron recipe with that of a macaroon, you might notice that their ingredients are actually pretty similar. Both cookies are made with egg whites, sugar, a few drops of vanilla and a pinch of salt. However, macarons are typically made with finely ground blanched almonds, while macaroons are made with sweetened flaked coconut.

964999296

964999296

USA, California, San Diego

Photo by: Cavan Images/Getty Images

Cavan Images/Getty Images

What Is a Macaron?

A macaron (pronounced mac-ah-ron, where ron rhymes with gone) is a French cookie that’s made of finely ground blanched (peeled) almonds suspended in a meringue. Each macaron is tinted with vibrant food coloring that signifies its flavor: green for lime, pink for raspberry, you get the idea. Once baked, two cookies are sandwiched together with a filling: jam or fruit curd, chocolate ganache or buttercream. When perfectly baked, macarons have smooth tops and a little ruffled area around the bottom.

Their texture is light and a bit cakey-chewy with a tiny bit of crunch on top from an imperceptibly thin crust.

There isn’t a definite consensus on the history of the macaron, but most people think Catherine di Medici brought them to France from Italy when she married Henri II in the 1500’s. They were probably more like Italian Pignoli, a soft almond paste and egg white cookie covered in pine nuts. French pastry chefs changed them over the years until they became what they are today: an elegant, colorful treat available everywhere.

669789060

669789060

Coconut macaroons on blue background

Photo by: Luiza S/Getty Images

Luiza S/Getty Images

What Is a Macaroon?

A macaroon (pronounced mac-uh-roon, where roon rhymes with moon) is a cookie that’s typically made of shredded coconut stirred into whipped egg whites and sugar - an iteration of meringue that's not as light as a macaron. There are some recipes that are made with ground, blanched almonds, but the almonds tend to be coarser than the almonds used in macarons.

Macaroons are larger, denser and chewier that macarons, and definitely easier to make. Coconut macaroons are flavored with sugar and vanilla, but their main flavor is the coconut itself. The denseness of the coconut macaroon makes it stable, so it’s easy to add chopped dried fruit or chocolate to the mix, and those are common add-ins. Some macaroons are also drizzled, glazed or dipped in chocolate.

Like macarons, macaroons initially came from Italy, where the word for paste, maccherone, became macaroon. While the almond variety is now in the minority of what you’ll find at a bakery, in the beginning it was the norm. Italian Jews adopted macaroons as a Passover treat because it is a flourless cookie - no flour can be used in any food served at Passover. In today's day and age, macaroons are a traditional Passover treat in many Jewish households outside of Italy. Coconut gained popularity in the last 200 years as it spread to Europe with improved transportation, solidifying the popularity of macaroons.

How to Make French Macarons

Yes, you can make macarons at home. Read the steps below for the how-to, then head over to our French Macaron recipe for detailed instructions - plus five different fillings.

  1. Whip egg whites and superfine sugar into stiff peaks, then gently fold in the dry ingredients - almond flour and confectioners' sugar.
  2. Add food coloring, extracts and flavors of your choice (our recipe linked above gives you many different options; part of the fun of making macarons is that you can customize them).
  3. Pipe the mixture onto silicone baking matts. In order to create the dry, crispy skin on the top of the cookie and to form the little ruffle on the bottom (called the "foot)", leave the sheet pans on the counter to dry before baking, 15 minutes to 1 hour depending on the humidity.
  4. Bake them until they are shiny and rise to form that "foot," about 20 minutes.
  5. While they bake and cool, you'll make a filling of your choice which you'll then use to sandwich two cookies together.

How to Make Coconut Macaroons

Meet are our Basic Coconut Macaroons. We've summarized the steps below, but head over to the full recipe if you want to make them. Macaroons are much easier to make than macarons because they’re denser, chewier and more forgiving. They can be whipped together all at once, and then placed on parchment-lined baking sheets with a cookie scoop, no piping, drying or waiting involved.

  1. Whisk together egg whites, sugar, salt and vanilla in a large bowl until combined. Then fold in sweetened shredded coconut.
  2. Scoop heaping tablespoonfuls of the coconut mixture onto baking sheets.
  3. Bake until golden brown around the edges, 20 to 25 minutes.
177729839

177729839

Amaretti sardi - delicious soft Italian almond cookies typical of Sardinia (Sardegna)

Photo by: Kuvona/Getty Images

Kuvona/Getty Images

Vegan Macaroons and Macarons

Aquafaba, the liquid that comes in cans of chickpeas, can be whipped to a stable foam that can be used in place of egg whites in many recipes, and macaroons and macarons are no exception.

Macaron and Macaroon Recipes

These light macarons are a good place to start when making your first batch because the almond flour is ready to go straight from the package.

Photo by: Armando Rafael

Armando Rafael

Look for peeled hazelnuts for this recipe; be sure to toast them to fully develop their flavor.

This macaron recipe has you make the almond flour from blanched almonds. Seems like more work than buying it, but the extra effort pays off and makes for the most fragrant, nutty macarons you've ever tasted.

FNM-Walnut_Lavender_Short

FNM-Walnut_Lavender_Short

A coconut macaroon shaped like a pyramid against a white background

©Hearst Communications Inc., 2009 Karl Juengel/Studio D Food Styling: Stephana

Hearst Communications Inc., 2009 Karl Juengel/Studio D Food Styling: Stephana

There’s nothing like a classic, and Coconut Macaroons are just that. We think you’ll agree that they’re so easy you won’t need to buy a packaged macaroon again.

01_Macaroons_023.tif

01_Macaroons_023.tif

Photo by: Con Poulos

Con Poulos

These macaroons are studded with dried currants and lemon zest, then dipped in glossy chocolate glaze after baking.

131205_FNM_210-Focus.R1.tif

131205_FNM_210-Focus.R1.tif

Photo by: Travis Rathbone

Travis Rathbone

Cocoa and cinnamon are always are a classic, tasty combination in this macaroon recipe. The cookies look like little haystacks, making for a beautiful macaroon platter.

Photo by: Tara Donne

Tara Donne

Sweet coconut and merengue complement tart-ish chopped dried apricots in these easier-than-easy macaroons. We go the extra mile and dip the bottoms in melted chocolate to make them extra-fancy.

Related Links:

Next Up

Top Tips for Baking Better Cupcakes

Cupcakes are easy to bake, but little tips and tricks will help you make the best batches. Here are a dozen rules of thumb — plus a bonus one — for how to bake like a pro.

One Cake, Four Desserts: Who Says Baking Isn't Easy?

No matter how you like your dessert, this cake recipe makes something for everyone.

Everything We Learned While Testing 15 Sheet Cake Recipes

Two base cake recipes are all you need to get started.

7 Ways to Customize Cupcake Frosting

Take your favorite frosting and buttercream recipes to new heights with these clever toppings and mix-ins.

Mix-and-Match Biscuits

Bake something new for your breadbasket.

50 Bar Cookies

Bake for a crowd: We came up with dozens of new one-pan treats. 

How to Make and Form Pizza Dough: A Step-by-Step Guide

Pizza is a lot easier to make from scratch than you might think. Read these step-by-step instructions, then watch our how-to video.

Mix-and-Match Quick Bread

Create your perfect loaf of quick bread: This customizable recipe leads to thousands of possibilities!

Color Your Cupcakes: A Food Coloring Guide

Creating colors is part art and part science, so get ready to play. While dabbling, we discovered that frostings and food colorings vary a lot; we prefer the intensity of gel to liquid. As you mix up a batch, find your favorites among ours, then debut your own hues along the way.

Check Out Our

Get a sneak-peek of the new Food Network recipe page and give us your feedback.

See it Now!

Related Pages