Combine the butter, yeast, sugar, salt and 1 cup warm water in a stand mixer fitted with the dough hook attachment. With the mixer on low speed, add 1/2 cup of the flour at a time, waiting for each addition to be fully incorporated before adding more. Once all of the flour is added, knead on medium speed for 8 minutes.
Transfer the dough to the prepared Dutch oven, cover and let rise until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
Put the pot over medium-low heat and cook until the internal temperature of the bread registers 200 degrees F, 20 to 25 minutes. Let the bread cool in the pot for 5 minutes, then turn out onto a rack and let cool completely.
When measuring flour, we spoon it into a dry measuring cup and level off excess. (Scooping directly from the bag compacts the flour, resulting in dry baked goods.)
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