In a large pot of boiling salted water cook the linguine until it is al dente and drain, reserving 1/2 cup of pasta cooking liquid.
Meanwhile, prepare the vegetables: In a large nonstick skillet set over moderately high heat, warm the oil until hot, add the onions, gingerroot and garlic and cook, stirring occasionally, for 3 minutes. Add the broccoli, carrots, celery and salt to taste and cook, stirring, for 5 minutes more. Add the five-spice powder, chili paste, soy sauce and 1/2 cup of pasta cooking liquid and cook, stirring occasionally, until vegetables are crisp-tender. Stir in the sesame oil and chutney. Add the drained pasta and stir to combine.