Pour enough vegetable oil in a medium heavy saucepan to come halfway up the sides of the pan. Heat the oil until a deep-fry thermometer inserted in the oil registers 350 degrees F. Working in batches, fry the chiles until golden, about 4 minutes. Transfer to paper towels to drain.
Mix the lime juice, soy sauce and oyster sauce in a medium bowl. Add the warm chiles and toss to combine. Chill until very cold, about 3 hours.
The chiles will keep in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.